What is News?
News is reporting information about current affairs. This can be given through various media: print, broadcast, newspaper systems, television, or by the oral testimony of witnesses and others who are involved in the events or in the observation. It is also a daily document of what is going on. One example of a daily newspaper report could be the events of the day including sports scores, local and international weather, and other such news.
News has been widely recognized as a public trust. “Trustworthy reporting” is the standard for determining the quality of any reporting. The public trusts the New York Times, CNN, and other media organizations to give fair and accurate reports. They expect such organizations to provide important information on world events, and they expect them to be strong advocates for their views. In light of this, some have suggested that the current proliferation of online media such as blogs, podcasts, and social networks makes it impossible to determine if what we see is indeed news worthy.
The problem with this line of thought is that there is a difference between publishing news and presenting news. News is something that informs the public and tells them what has happened. Presentation of news is the way that news is presented to the public – from the point of view of the media organization that is distributing the news to the reader.
There are a number of different ways that a writer can present news. Some use more traditional media such as newspapers, while others rely on the internet. A writer of news can be asked to write about current events or about something that he or she has an opinion about. News is presented in two different ways. There is the news media – which includes all of the traditionally-known media outlets, and then there is the news subject – which only includes those subjects which are truly newsworthy.
If the writer of news is reporting events as they occur – it is called current news. When the writer is reporting something that is up in the past, but something that is still going on, it is known as historical news. When the writer of news writes about something that happened ten years ago, he or she would be considered historic news. Therefore, the events in the past and in the future will always be current, as long as they happen within the jurisdiction of the news media company.
Readers benefit greatly when they receive unbiased news. When they learn about a story by one side while remaining completely apathetic about another, readers will not only have a much lower opinion about the story, they will also not take the story seriously. If the news really is unbiased, readers would be interested in knowing both sides of an issue and will seek to learn both. This is why some news outlets have a focus group process. They invite a wide range of people to attend a town hall meeting to see what they think.